Taj Mehal is the finest example of Mughal architecture. It has elements from Persian, Indian and Islamic styles. It was built by emperor shah Jahan for his wife after her death. It is known as the symbol of love. Shah Jahan loved his wife so much and it is said that after having mumtaz he paid little attention to other wives. After her death, he aborted his war campaign and devoted himself to build a monument in memory of his beloved wife. Shah Jahan’s love left behind a great heritage. It is cited as “jewl of muslim art “in India and is universally admired masterpiece of world’s heritage.
The superb architecture is built on banks of Yamuna River on the southern edge of Agra.
Construction of taj mehal:
Construction started with establishing the foundations for the tomb. The total area used is around three acres and it was filled with sand to stop seepage from river. A total of 20,000 workers completed in 22 years. The whole land was leveled at height of 50 meters. The taj mehal is 55 meters high and the dome itself is 24 meters high. Combine efforts gave birth to five-dome building with four minarets in the corners. The order of construction was a plinth, the tomb, the minarets, the mosque, and the gate way.
The constructing material was brought from all over the Asia. The major material is white marble. The sand stones locked with iron dowels are also used in making walls. It uses almost 28 varieties of stones and gems in its construction.
It is a monument to symmetry. The minarets are cylindrical columns that are at right angles to each other. The main structure is cubical and doors are rectangular in design.
Decoration of Taj Mehal:
The interior of Taj Mehal has beautiful structures. Their simplicity and grace do not need any accessories for decorating them. The tomb is a white marble structure standing on square plinths and has an arched shaped door way. The tomb chambers represent the climax of mausoleum. The cenotaphs of Mumtaz and Shah Jahan are worth admiring because of the flowers and plants inlaid in semi-precious stones. On the exterior side the plinths are decorated with relief carvings. The dome because of its shape is called as onion dome. It is decorated with lotus design. The overall structure is octagon and if you look at one side of Taj Mehal the other is mirror image of first one. The symmetry of Mehal is awesome. The Taj Mehal seems to change its color at the time of dawn and dusk.
Capture this beauty of Taj Mehal and get canvas printings of these images for decorating your living room.
Gates of Taj Mehal:
It has three gates. Southern, Eastern and Western gates. The southern gate is specified for pedestrians. On the right side of this gate is red stone tomb. The myth about it is that is the tomb of mumtaz’s maid. On eastern gate there is a dome tomb erected on elevated platform. It is said this was built in memory of another wife of shah jahan. The western gate is the main entrance. There is red sand stone edifice near this gate. The gate way to Taj Mehal is octagonal entrance hall decorated with ornamented gates on two sides. Do not forget to take pictures of this wonder. Save these clicks byputting photos on canvas to immortalize the memories of Taj Mehal in your home.
The calligraphy on main gate is“O Soul, thou art at rest. Return to the Lord at peace with Him, and He at peace with you.”
The Arabic inscriptions are mostly used in calligraphy. Passages from Holy Quran are used decorative items.
The Taj Mehal is the love story saved in white marbles. Shah Jahan fulfilled the wish of his wife but he was unable to complete his desire that was to build the black Taj Mehal next to this one. He wanted to show his gloomy life and grief he was facing without his wife. The love of shah jahan was so intense that during his imprisonment he kept on watching the monument of his wife from the window of jail. After visiting Taj Mehal you will accept that true love never dies.